You are not logged in.
E-Learning Innovation Spark Grandview Services Community
A+ A A-


While there are many forms of collaboration, we’re focused on one type in particular—the kind carried out by individuals, groups and organizations at the Center. This form of collaboration can be described as a process of shared decision-making in which all the parties with a stake in Integrated PM constructively explore their differences and develop a joint strategy for action.

Some questions to ask before embarking on a collaborative community project include:

What are the structural relationships between the parties and the possible power issues inherent in the collaborative arrangement?

Is there a clear understanding among all the parties of the respective goals of the other participants?

What form of leadership is required to facilitate the process?

Does the project have some form of integrating structure, such as a cross-section of steering committees, to facilitate and coordinate decision-making and implementation?

Will the project be more effective with a neutral, third-party mediator?

Does the project have enough time, money, and support?


The process of collaboration is rarely simple and straight-forward. It typically moves through several distinct phases, some of which can be time-consuming and fraught with challenges. Generally speaking, the process begins with an analysis of the situation and a diagnosis of the key issues involved. It moves on to a definition of the fundamental mission or desired outcome.

The participants then articulate a common vision and work out a plan and a timetable for meeting their goals. In most cases, the process concludes with an assessment of the outcomes and a review of lessons learned.